In India, pig iron was produced for the first time by Bombay Iron Works in 1874

Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) is the oldest steel plant of India, established in Jamshedpur (Jharkhand) at the confluence of the Subernrekha and Kharkai rivers

The Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO) was established in 1918 at Hirapur village in the Asansol district of West Bengal. IISCO is the first public sector iron and steel plant.

The Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plants, formerly known as Mysore Iron and Steel Limited, was set up in 1923 at Bhadravati in Karnataka

Durgapur Iron and Steel Plant was set up in 1956 with the help of British Companies in the Bardhaman district of West Bengal, along the Damodar River

Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant was established in 1959 with the help of the Russian Government in the Durg district of Chhattisgarh

Raurkela Iron and Steel Plant was set up in 1959 with the help of a West German firm (Krupps and Demang) in the Sundargarh district of Odisha. It is the first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India.

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